NOTE: We can supply a range of iodine supplements, however, some of these are derived from kelp and seaweed and SHOULD NOT BE USED BY PREGNANT WOMEN AS THEY CAN CONTAIN HARMFUL AMOUNTS OF IODINE. PLEASE SEE THE BOTTOM OF THIS ARTICLE FOR PRODUCTS THAT WE SUGGEST.
Pregnancy iodine pills 'good for babies and economy'
Two-thirds of pregnant women in the UK could be mildly deficient in iodine and recommending iodine to all pregnant women could save the NHS money, say researchers.
A study in The Lancet concluded that if all pregnant women took a daily dose, it could boost children's IQ scores, causing health improvements. Severe iodine deficiency has long been known to cause impaired neurodevelopment in unborn children.
Iodine is important for healthy brain development and there is some evidence that the UK population may not be getting enough.
In countries such as the UK iodine intake may better but nevertheless still below recommended levels
The main source in the UK diet is milk but it can also be found in other types of dairy food, fish and - in smaller amounts - in some foods made from plants, such as cereals.
Cost of iodine deficiency to society
A previous UK study of around 1,000 pregnant women, published in 2013, found that around two-thirds could be classed as mildly to moderately deficient in iodine.
Lower levels of iodine during pregnancy were subsequently linked with slightly poorer IQ and reading scores when the children were eight years old.
Those 2013 findings sparked the latest study in which researchers calculated the potential impact of all women taking iodine supplements before conception, during pregnancy, and while they were breastfeeding.
They based the study on the assumption that around 67% of women do not get enough iodine from their diet, which is used by the body to make thyroid hormones.
Their estimates suggest that universal iodine supplements in pregnancy could boost children's IQ scores by an average of 1.22 points.
They then took evidence from other studies that had looked at economic benefits linked to IQ score.
Putting figures on the healthcare costs associated with different IQs - which had shown a higher IQ is associated with better health - into their model showed an average saving to the NHS of £199 per pregnant woman.
They also calculated, using previous research, that on average, the financial benefit for every pregnant woman taking the supplement would amount to £4,476 in higher earnings and lower education costs for her child.
Fish is a good source of iodine - as well as dairy products
The latest study's author, Professor Kate Jolly from the University of Birmingham, said that ideally women who are deficient in iodine should be targeted.
But there was no easy way of knowing who they are.
She added that the UK was behind other countries, such as Australia, which already recommend supplements in pregnancy, and a change in guidance was warranted.
Last year the government's Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition called for more research into iodine levels in certain groups including "girls of reproductive age, pregnant and lactating women".
UK guidelines recommend that adults need around 0.14mg of iodine a day, while the World Health Organization advises that pregnant women should have 0.25mg a day.
Dr Sarah Bath, spokesperson for the British Dietetic Association, said it was important to stress that kelp and seaweed supplements should not be used as a source of iodine, especially by pregnant women, as they can in fact contain harmful amounts.
And she pointed out that some pregnancy supplements already contain iodine.
"Milk, dairy products and fish are good sources of iodine and eating a balanced diet that contains iodine sources will help to reduce the risk of iodine deficiency," she said.
SUITABLE PRODUCTS FOR PREGNANT WOMAN - These are all multi nutrient supplements providing many nutrients beneficial to women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant. All contain iodine at suitable levels.
BioCare Anti-Natal Forte
Higher Nature Mum-2-BE
Lamberts Strongstart for Women